Forum Rules. Advertise Here! What is it? What Is It? The Best Of Need help in dating early axe head.
We don't know the method of manufacture or date of the item, but it appears to be pretty old.
Any information on the item would be appreciated. It was cleaned up with a wire brush and laquered.
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Attached Thumbnails. Re: Need help in dating early axe head I would put the age of the piece easily in the 's. It is a Broad Axe. Google the name for more stuff but here is a quote from Wise Geek.
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Your item cleary fits the description of, "having one beveled edge and one straight. This design is intended for use in squaring timbers.
Using a broad axe requires a great deal of skill and physical strength, and the necessary skills are growing uncommon, due to the proliferation of mechanized logging equipment which does the same job.
The earliest European axes begin to appear sometime between 20, and 30, years ago. In North America, estimated dates for the earliest and latest use of stone axes range between 5, to years ago. The most recent use of stone axes can be found in . Perhaps no tools are more closely linked to the founding of America than the axe and its smaller sibling, the hatchet. Hand-forged axes of cast iron with heads weighing seven pounds were swung by pioneers and Colonists, who used the versatile tool to clear land for crops and build their homes. This axe head guide offers a growing selection of info in helping to identify yours. We all find old axe heads when metal detecting. This axe head guide offers a growing selection of info in helping to identify yours Dating a House Site With Nails - Dating a Building With Nails; Dating Buttons by Shank Style and Material; Dating Ball.
It is still sometimes possible to purchase broad axes from logging supply companies and hardware stores. A typical broad axe has two distinct sides. On one side, the blade of the axe is flat, making it easy to create a smooth edge.
On the other, the blade is beveled, allowing the user to wedge it into the wood. When squaring timber, the flat side is faced against the side of the timber, while the bevel side faces the scrap edge, allowing the user to create a smooth edge with one stroke.
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Because broad axes have two distinct sides, there are right and left hand versions with handles to match. The most classical use of a broad axe was for creating square timbers such as those used to brace homes and make railroad ties.
Once a tree had been felled, a lightweight axe was used to lightly score the timber in a straight line, creating a mark to follow with a broad axe. The user stood on the log to wield the broad axe, and brought it down in powerful blows which were designed to split the timber along the line, creating a squared edge. Once one edge had been made, the log could be flipped to begin on the next edge. If you ever enter a structure which was constructed in the era when logging was accomplished by hand, you will probably be able to see the strokes of a broad axe on the timbers.
Someone who was experienced with the broad axe and in peak physical condition could churn out scores of timbers a day, ensuring the the production line was not clogged by timber waiting to be processed. In addition to being used to create square timber, a broad axe can also be used to make octagonal timbers, such as those classically used as the masts for ships. A skilled user could also utilize a broad axe to make flooring planks.
Apr 09, An axe with double meaning. "With iron axes of this period, they are basically learning how to use. The panel at left shows dating axe heads shingle and lathe hatchets (and at the extreme lower right, a shingle-splitting froe believed to be at least years old). Mar 16, Looking for ID on these old axe heads. Jul 17, With an.
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Re: Need help in dating early axe head I know it looks very old and intact and intriguing, so I will linger here for a definitive ID. Meanwhile, I'm interested to know: What size is it? What is the blue 'cable ID' type thingy?
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For those of us that not only enjoy finding out what we find but, also the history that goes with it means a lot! We have kids years old That love this site and huddle around the computer every day to see what people find and what the items were used for.
This is the only forum I frequent, and we have enlightened many children for fun and educational purposes. To see ID's like this are refreshing! Keep up the fine work! Sincerely, Staff and Kids Swannanoa 4-h child education center and camps. Re: Need help in dating early axe head. Originally Posted by trikikiwi. I know it looks very old and intact and intriguing, so I will linger here for a definitive ID.
Re: Need help in dating early axe head I dont think you can know the age with no marks on it as these are still made and sold today. At around 4" it is a broad hatchet, broad axes are around 10"- 12'' wide. Buck Bagaw. Trees larger than 35 cm This very large celt was reportedly found in one of the Sahara desert region countries of either Mali or Niger.
The small celts at lower right illustrate a size comparison.
Jun 15, Axe Head Dating - Kelly Axes Discussion in 'Axe, Tomahawk, & Hatchet Forum' started by HandyMoose, Jun 14, Paid Subscribers don't see ads! Jun 14, #1. HandyMoose. 4. Jun 14, Just recently came across this forum while trying to date some axes I . This "Au-to-graf" Anchor-brand axe head is a signature release made by the Plumb company and sports the signature of then-company President Taylor Plumb. David believes the piece dates to the s. A hatchet, manufactured for U.S. Army issue likely during World War II. Hatchets and axes have, technically speaking, nothing to do with farming. Oct 18, axe head dating, colonial broad ax blade dating it, dating an axe head, dating ax heads, dating axe head, dating axe heads, dating iron axe heads, early axe heads, how to date an ax head, how to date an axe head. Click on a term to search for related topics. Powered by vBadvanced CMPS v Contact Us.
Stone axes and celts vary greatly in size, depending on their intended use. Large heavy axes could have been used for such tasks as breaking ice, pounding stakes, or splitting logs.
The size variation is quite remarkable. Hodge reported inthat the axes in the collection of the Smithsonian Institution range in size from "upwards of 30 pounds to scarcely an ounce. Stone axes were hafted onto wooden handles with the blades secured in a position that is parallel with the handle.
Adzes were hafted in a position that is perpendicular to the handle.
Axes were attached to handles in several different ways. One technique used adhesives made from animal, vegetal or mineral ingredients.
Another technique simply holds the axe in place with friction when the axe is wedged tight enough into the handle. Various types of natural fibers and other materials were also used to tightly wedge an axe in place.
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Some axes were also attached to a handle with the use of strips of animal hide or sinew. Australian axes were hafted with an adhesive and a wrap-around split-wood handle. Both of these axes were made from hard stone and manufactured by pecking and grinding. They represent one of the more unique shapes of stone axes, in the form of a T.
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The South American countries of Ecuador and Peru are two of the more likely areas where they were found. Stone axes vary greatly in size, depending on their intended use. Both of these celts were found on Neolithic Swiss Lake sites in Switzerland.
The celt at top was found on one of the Neolithic sites along Lake Cortaillod and the lower example was found on a site at Lake Neuchatel, Switzerland. Antler socketed celts, like the example at the top of this picture, are one of the most famous tool types found on Swiss lake dwelling sites.
The antler sockets serve as shock absorbers to protect the handle from splitting. The lower celt measures 5 inches Axes that were shaped by hammerstone pecking were generally made from hard dense stones such as granite, greenstone or hematite.
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But when the best stone was not available, softer stones were also used, such as sandstone. Axes that were made by direct or indirect percussion flaking were made from more brittle stones like chert.
This style of wood chopping tool has been referred to as a stemmed or wasted axe, but more correctly as polished celts. They are unique for their pointed hafting element and wide blades. This is a styles of celt that can be found in Panama.
These examples are made of either tufa or basalt. There are three basic manufacturing techniques for making axes. They were shaped by either hammerstone pecking, percussion flaking or by grinding a cutting edge on a naturally pre-shaped pebble.
The surfaces were reduced to various degrees of smoothness by grinding. Most grooved and ungrooved axes in North America were made from hard stone that was shaped by hammerstone pecking and smoothed with an abrading stone and fine grit. In northern Europe, large numbers of axes were made from chert or flint and shaped by both direct flaking and indirect punch flaking.
Surface smoothing from grinding ranges from little to none, to many examples that are completely ground smooth over their entire surface. This picture illustrates an Australian axe that is hafted with an adhesive and a wrap-around split-wood handle. Axes represent one of the most important and one of the largest utilitarian tool types ever invented by late Stone Age cultures around the world. In most areas, where there were trees, the archaeological record shows that people began using axes sometime after 35, years ago.
One exception would be in some areas of the Pacific where adzes were used as the main wood cutting tool to cut down trees.
Another exception would be in North America where Early Archaic Dalton people were also using adzes to cut their trees. The axe at top right and just below it are from New Guinea and was used mainly to split logs. The larger axe is known as a bulbous axe. The axe at lower right is from Australian and is hafted with an adhesive and a wrap-around split-wood handle. The axe at lower left is reported to have been found many years ago in a dry rock shelter in New Mexico.
The celt was added to the handle after it was found. The axe at top left shows the hafting technique for a Neolithic period flint axe from northern Europe, the handle is computer generated.