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Ferguson, A. Long, and E. Dendrochronologic calibration of the radiocarbon timescale. American Antiquity - Lerman, and A. Temporal functions of 14 C: causal factors and implications.

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Geochemical and palynological data as well as radiocarbon dating were used to study the peat bog deposits in Niinsarre bog, northeast Estonia. The aim of this study was to establish criteria for determining a detailed chronology, which is important, for example, in . Dating recent peat deposits (i.e., past yrs of peat accumulation) has emerged as an important yet challenging task for estimating rates of organic matter accumulation and atmospheric pollutant deposition in peatlands. Due to their ombrotrophic. Radiocarbon dating is one of the main methods used to establish peat chronologies. This article reviews the basis of the method and its application to dating of peat deposits. Important steps in the radiocarbon dating procedure are described, including selection and extraction of material (and fractions) for dating, chemical and physical preparation of media suitable for measurements.

Radiocarbon dating by accelerator mass spectrometry. Dupont, L. Temperature and rainfall variation in the Holocene based on comparative palaeoecology and isotope geology of a hummock and hollow, Bourtangerveen, The Netherlands. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology - Edwards, K.

Radiocarbon and palaeoenvironmental evidence for changing rates of erosion at a Flandrian stage site in Scotland. Cullingford, D. Davidson, and J. Lewin, Timescales in Geomorphology. Wiley, Chichester, UK. Efremova, T. Peat fires as an ecological factor in the development of forest-bog ecosystems. Russian Journal of Ecology - El-Daoushy, F. Tolonen, and R. Lead and moss-increment dating of two Finnish Sphagnum hummocks. Elmore, D. Accelerator mass spectrometry for measurement of long-lived radioisotopes.

Engelkemeir, A.

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Hamill, M. Inghram, and W. The half-life of radiocarbon C Physical Review - Engstrom, D. The chemistry of lakes in time and space. Environment Canada.

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Friesen and Sons, Ltd. Espi, E. Boutron, S. Hong, M. Pourchet, C. Ferrari, W. Shotyk, and L. Changing concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in a high altitude peat bog from Bolivia during the past three centuries.

Eustis, D. Tolonen A comparison of ash dating and moss-increment dating in Sphagnum hummocks. Faegri, K. Textbook of Pollen Analysis, 3 rd revised edition. Appendix A. Faegri, P. Kaland, and K. Krzywinski eds. Textbook of Pollen Analysis, 4 th ed.

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Farmer, J. MacKenzie, C. Sugden, P. Edgar, and L. A comparison of the historical lead pollution records in peat and freshwater lake sediments from central Scotland. Ferguson, C. Huber, and H. Determination of the age of Swiss lake dwellings as an example of dendrochronologically-calibrated radiocarbon dating. Foreman, W. Connor, E. Furlong, D. Vaught, and L. Methods of analysis by the U. Determination of organochlorine insecticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in bottom sediment.

Foster, D. Long-term vegetation dynamics and disturbance history of a Tsuga -dominated forest in New England. Frolking S. Bubier, T. Moore, T. Ball, L. Bellisario, A. Bhardwaj, P.

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Carroll, P. Crill, P. Lafleur, J. McCaughey, N. Roulet, A. Suyker, S. Verma, J. Waddington, and G. The relationship between ecosystem productivity and photosynthetically active radiation for northern peatlands. Global Biogeochemical Cycles - Gajewski, K. Winkler, and A. Gerdol, R. Degetto, D. Mazzotta, and G. The vertical distribution of the Cs derived from Chernobyl fallout in the uppermost Sphagnum layer of two peatlands in the southern Alps Italy.

Geyh, M. Krumbein, and H. Unreliable 14 C dating of long-stored deep-sea sediments due to bacterial activity. Marine Geology MM Gilbertson, D. Grattan, M. Cressey, and F. An air-pollution history of metallurgical innovation in iron- and steel-making: a geochemical archive of Sheffield. Godwin, H. Radiocarbon dating. Gogrewe, D. Putz, R. Weber, K. Siemon, R. Esterlund, and P. Determination of Pb via Bi using a hydride generation technique combined with beta spectrometry.

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Van Der Knapp, C. Lohse, and T. High-resolution AMS 14 C dating of post-bomb peat archives of atmospheric pollutants. Gore, A. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Gorham, E. Northern peatlands: role in the carbon cycle and probable responses to global warming.

Ecological Application - The future of research in Canadian peatlands: a brief survey with particular reference to global change.

Jun 01,   Dating recent peat deposits (i.e., past } yrs of peat accumulation) has emerged as an important yet challenging task for estimating rates of organic matter accumulation and atmospheric pollutant deposition in peatlands. Due to their ombrotrophic nature and the tendency for Sphagnum-derived peat to have high cation exchange capacity, peatlands are ideal archives of atmospheric Cited by: This study compares age estimates of recent peat deposits in 10 European ombrotrophic (precipitation-fed) bogs produced using the 14 C bomb peak, Pb, Cs, spheroidal carbonaceous particles (SCPs), and pollen. At 3 sites, the results of the different dating methods agree well. Following the first identification of Holocene tsunami deposits in late s (e.g., Dawson et al., ), a variety of dating techniques have been applied to determine their ages (e.g., Cullingford et al., ; Donnelly et al., ; Goff et al., ; Minoura and Nakaya, ; Minoura et al., ; Nanayama et al., , ; Wood, ).While many dating techniques have been applied to.

Wetlands - The biogeochemistry of northern peatlands and its possible responses to global warming. Woodwell and F. Mackenzie eds.

Ash and metal concentrations in peat bogs and indicators of anthropogenic activity. Gottdang, A. Klein, and D. Gove, H. The history of AMS, its advantages over decay counting: applications and prospects.

Taylor, A. Long, and R. Kra eds. Radiocarbon after Four Decades: an Interdisciplinary Perspective. Griffin, J. Morphologies and origin of elemental carbon in the environment. Sphericity as a characteristic of solids from fossil fuel burning in a Lake Michigan sediment. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta - Grimm, E. Data analysis and display. Huntley and T. Webb III eds. Vegetation History. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

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Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Gulliksen, S. Birks, G. Possnert, and J. Hammond, A. Goh, P. Tonkin, and M. Chemical pretreatments for improving the radiocarbon-dates of peats and organic silts in a gley podzol environment-Grahams Terrace, North Westland. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics - Harris, S. Permafrost aggradation and peat accumulation since years B.

Hedges, R. Radiocarbon dating with an accelerator: review and preview. Sample treatment strategies in radiocarbon dating. Scientific American - Himberg, K. Atmospheric PCB deposition in Finland during s and s on the basis of concentrations in ombrotrophic peat mosses Sphagnum. Hird, A. Rimmer, and F. Factors affecting the sorption and fixation of caesium in acid organic soils. European Journal of Soil Science - Silicon and titanium in peat profiles as indicators of human impact.

Hua, Q. Barbetti, U. Zoppi, D. Fink, and G. Atmospheric radiocarbon offset for the tropics during the Little Ice Age. Chapman, and B. Bomb radiocarbon in tree-rings from northern New South Wales, Australia: implications for dendrochronology, atmospheric transport and air-sea exchange of CO 2.

Hughen, K. Southon, S. Lehman, and J. Synchronous radiocarbon and climate shifts during the last deglaciation. Huttunen, P. Early land uses, especially the slash-and-burn cultivation in the commune of Lammi, southern Finland, interpreted mainly using pollen and charcoal analysis. Acta Botanici Fennici - Ilkonen, L. Rate of carbon accumulation in a raised bog, southwestern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper, 20, - Ilomets, M.

The determination of the age of peat layers based on the peat bulk density method. Irwin, T. Pollen percentage, concentration and influx to a mire hummock and hollow.

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Jackson, S. Pollen dispersal models in Quaternary plant ecology: assumptions, parameters, and prescriptions.

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Botanical Reviews - Jacobson, G. Ancient permanent plots: sampling in paleovegetational studies. The selection of sites for paleovegetational studies. Jansonius, J. Jansonius and D. McGregor eds. Palynology: Principles and Applications.

Janssens C. A postglacial pollen diagram from a small Typha swamp in northwestern Minnesota, interpreted from pollen indicators and surface samples. Ecological Monographs - Janssens, C. Local and regional pollen deposition. Birks and R. West eds. Quaternary Plant Ecology.

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Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, England. Jarzen, D. Johnson, L. Species-controlled Sphagnum decay on a South Swedish raised bog. Jones, K. Sanders, S. Wild, V. Burnett, and A.

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Jones, M. New radiocarbon calibration software. Joshi, S. Detection of fallout Eu and Bi in a Pb-dated lake sediment core. Journal of Radioanalytical Nuclear Chemistry - Common analytical errors in the radiodating of recent sediments. Environmental Geology and Water Sciences - Jungner H. Sonninen, G. Possnert, and K. Use of bomb-produced C to evaluate the amount of CO 2 emanating from 2 peat bogs in Finland.

Kemp A. Williams, R. Rhodes, and M. Kerby, N. Transport and fixation of inorganic carbon by marine algae. Advances in Botanical Research - Kilian, M.

Dating raised bogs: new cts of AMS 14 C wiggle matching, a reservoir effect and climatic change. Quaternary Science Reviews - Van der Plicht. C 14 AMS wiggle-matching of raised bog deposits and models of peat accumulation.

Quaternary Science Review - Kim, G. Hussain, T. Church, and W. The fallout isotope Bi in a Delaware salt marsh: a comparison with Pb and Cs as a geochronological tool. Kirner, D. Taylor, and J. Reduction in backgrounds of microsamples for AMS 14 C dating. Knox, F. Least-squares fitting smooth curves to decadal radiocarbon calibration data from AD to AD Koff, R. Punning, and M. Human impact on a paludified landscape in northern Estonia.

Landscape and Urban Planning - Kothari, B. Concentration and surface morphology of charcoal particles in sediments of Green Lake, N.

Dating recent peat deposits

Northeastern Environmental Science - Krishnaswami, S. Radionuclide Limnochronology. Lerman ed. Lakes, Chemistry, Geology, and Physics. Kromer, B. Manning, P. Kuniholm, M. Newton, M. Spurk, and I. Regional 14 CO 2 offsets in the troposphere: magnitude, mechanisms, and consequences.

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CO 2 gas proportional counting in radiocarbon dating-review and perspective. Spurk, S. Remmele, M. Barbetti, and V. Segments of atmospheric 14 C change as derived from Late Glacial and Early Holocene floating tree-ring series. Kudelsky, A. Smith, S. Ovsiannikova, and J. Mobility of Chernobyl-derived Cs in a peatbog system within the catchment of the Pripyat River, Belarus. Lappalainen, E. General review on world peatland and peat resources.

Lappalainen ed. Global Peat Resources. Lee, J. Regional and historical cts of lead pollution in Britain. Levin, I. Bonani, R. Francey, B.

Kromer, K. Suter, N. Trivett, and W. Radiocarbon in atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane: global distribution and trends. Radiocarbon-a unique tracer of global carbon cycle dynamics. Kromer, H. Schoch-Fischer, M. Bruns, K. Berdau, J. Vogel, and K. Schuchard, B. Kromer, and K. The continental European Suess effect. Libby, W. Radiocarbon Dating, 2 nd ed. Accuracy of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon dating in the future; thirty years after inception.

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Goulding, and B. Forms and rates of release of Cs in two peat soils. Livett, E. Geochemical monitoring of atmospheric heavy metal pollution: theory and application. Advances in Ecological Research - Lee, and J. Lead, zinc, and copper analyses of British blanket peats. MacDonald, G. Non-aquatic Quaternary. P Beukens, W. Kieser, and D. Geology - Maher, L. Statistics for microfossil concentration measurements employing samples spiked with marker grains. Holocene lateral expansion, peat growth and carbon accumulation on Haukkasua, a raised bog in southeastern Finland.

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Bog Bodies (Mummy Mysteries Documentary) - Timeline

Isotopic evidence of the relative retention and mobility of lead and radiocaesium in Scottish ombrotrophic peats. Malmer, N. Svensson, and B. Mass balance and nitrogen accumulation in hummocks on a South Swedish bog during the late Holocene. Ecography - Maltby, E. Peatlands: their nature and role in the biosphere. Global Peat Resources, Kukkalantie. Manning, M. Manning, S. A light in the dark: archaeological wiggle matching and the absolute chronology of the close of the Aegean Late Bronze Age.

Kromer, P. Kuniholm, and M. Anatolian tree-rings and a new chronology for the east Mediterranean Bronze-Iron Ages. Masarik, J. Journal of Geophysical Research - Matthewes, J. Radiocarbon dating of surface and buried soils: principles, problems and prospects.

Jun 01,   Dating recent peat deposits (i.e., past ? yrs of peat accumulation) has emerged as an important yet challenging task for estimating rates of organic matter accumulation and atmospheric pollutant deposition in peatlands. Due to their ombrotrophic nature and the tendency for Sphagnum-derived peat to have high cation exchange capacity, peatlands are ideal archives of atmospheric Cited by:

Richards, R. Arnett, and S. Ellis eds. Geomorphology and Soils. Mauquoy, D. Blaauw, and J. The Holocene McAndrews, J. Postglacial history of prairie savanna, and forest in northwestern Minnesota. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club - Berti, and G. Key to the Quaternary pollen and spores of the Great Lakes region. McCormac, F. Hogg, T. Higham, J. Lynch-Stieglitz, W.

Broecker, M. Baillie, J. Palmer, L. Xiong, J. Pilcher, D. Brown, and S. Temporal variation in the interhemispheric 14 C offset. Geophysical Research Letters - Reimer, A.

Higham, M. Palmer, and M. Calibration of the radiocarbon time scale for the southern hemisphere: AD - McGee, E. Colgan, D. Dawson, B. Rafferty, and C. Effects of topography on Caesium in montane peat soils and vegetation. Analyst - Middledorp, A. Pollen concentration as a basis for indirect dating and quantifying net organic and fungal production in a peat bog ecosystem.

Functional palaeoecology of the Hahenmoor raised bog ecosystem-a study of vegetation, history, production, and decomposition by means of pollen density dating. Mitchell, P. Schell, A. McGarry, T.

Ryan, J. Sanchex-Cabeza, and A. Studies of the vertical distribution of Cs, Cs, Pu,Pu, Pu, Am and Pb in ombrogenous mires at mid-latitudes. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry-Articles - Mook, W. Mook and H. Waterbolk eds.

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Moore, P. Webb, and M. Pollen Analysis, 2 nd Edition. Roulet, and J. Uncertainty in predicting the effect of climatic change on the carbon cycling of Canadian peatlands. Climatic Change - Morris, W.

Versteeg, C. Marvin, B. McCarry, and N. Preliminary comparisons between magnetic susceptibility and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content in sediments from Hamilton Harbour, western Lake Ontario.

Moser, R. A comparison of methods for the determination of the dating nuclides Pb and Ra. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry-Articles - Absolute chronology of the Aeneolithic period. Beograd SeptemberII. Nevissi, A. Measurement of Pb, Bi, and Po in environmental samples. Norton, S. Geochemistry of selected Maine peat deposits.

Bulletin of the Maine Geological Survey - The stratigraphic record of atmospheric loading of metals at the ombrotrophic Big Heath Bog, Mt. Desert Island, Maine, U. Hutchinson, and K. Meema eds. Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany. Evans, and J. Pond, Maine, USA. Ohlson, M. Rate of peat increment in hummock and lawn communities on Swedish mires during the last years. Ogden, J. An alternative to exotic spore or pollen addition in quantitative microfossil studies.

Oldfield, F. Appleby, R. Cambray, J. Eakins, K. Barber, R. Batterbee, G. Pearson, and J.

Dating Recent Peat in European Ombrotrophic Bogs supply (CRS) method has been found to be more applicable for peat deposits, owing to the condi-tions of organic decay in the aerobic acrotelm (e.g. Appleby et al. ). Laboratory experiments by Vile et al. showed that Pb . Highlights Multiple peat cores dated using SCPs and FRN in variable conditions to test accuracy. SCPs may need more local calibration. Dating more consistent in drier peat, supports suggestions Pb is mobile in wet conditions. Multiple techniques are required for robust chronology in recent peat mcauctionservicellc.com by: Dating recent peat deposits (i.e., past } yrs of peat accumulation) has emerged as an important yet challenging task for estimating rates of organic matter accumulation and atmospheric.

Pb, Cs, and Pu profiles in ombrotrophic peat. Crooks, D. Harkness, and G. AMS radiocarbon dating of organic fractions from varved lake sediments: and empirical test of reliability. Radiometric dating Pb, Cs, Am of recent ombrotrophic peat accumulation and evidence for changes in mass balance.

Thompson, and K. Changing atmospheric fallout of magnetic particles recorded in recent ombrotrophic peat sections. Olsson, I.

Radiometric dating. Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology. Accuracy and precision in sediment chronology. Pakarinen, P. Mineral element composition of Sphagnum fuscum peats collected from Minnesota, Manitoba and Ontario.

Fuchsman and S. Spigarelli eds. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Peat Utilization. Growth rates of heavy metal concentrations of five moss species in paludified spruce forests. Lindbergia - On the growth rate and dating of surface peat.

Tolonen, S. Heikkinen, and A. Accumulation of metals in Finnish raised bogs. Environmental Biogeochemistry - Patterson, W. III, K. Edwards, and D.

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Microscopic charcoal as a fossil indicator of fire. Pearson, G. How to cope with calibration. Antiquity Pilcher, and M. Pilcher, M. Baillie, and J. Absolute radiocarbon dating using a low altitude European treering calibration. Pennington, W. Eakins, and D. Radionuclide dating of the recent sediments of Blelham Tarn.

Toms Geology Toms Reconstructing historical atmospheric mercury deposition in Western Europe using: Misten peat bog cores, Belgium.

Late Holocene ecohydrological and carbon dynamics of a UK raised bog: impact of human activity and climate change Thomas E. Roucoux Geology High-resolution age modelling of peat bogs from northern Alberta, Canada, using pre- and post-bomb 14C, Pb and historical cryptotephra Lauren DaviesP. Diatom evidence for mid-Holocene peatland water-table variations and their possible link to solar forcing.

High-resolution reconstruction of atmospheric deposition of trace metals and metalloids since AD recorded by ombrotrophic peat cores in Hautes-Fagnes, Belgium. References Publications referenced by this paper. Radiocarbon peat chronologies and environmental change Maarten BlaauwJ. Radiocarbon dating evidence on the impact of atmospheric pollution on upland peats Florence M. ChambersP. Quentin DresserAlex.

Smith Environmental Science Nature Dating recent peat deposits Merritt R. TuretskySturt W. ManningR. Kelman Wieder Geology Wetlands Intercomparison of radiocarbon bomb pulse and Pb age models.



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