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The committee maintains a chronology of the U. In its meeting, the committee determined that the U. Previously, the committee had determined that the economy reached a peak of activity in July The committee thus determined that the recession ended in March and that an expansion began at that time. The committee had waited to make the determination of the trough date until it was confident that any future downturn in the economy would be considered a new recession and not a continuation of the recession that began in July The committee noted that the broadest measure of economic activity - gross domestic product in constant dollars - had finally surpassed its previous peak by the third quarter of

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During the summer, the month-to-month changes in these indicators were small. Nonfarm payroll employment reached a peak in June.

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Real personal income peaked in July. Real manufacturing and trade sales pealced in August.

NBER Business Cycle Dating Committee Determines that Recession Ended in March CAMBRIDGE, December 22, - The Business Cycle Dating Committee of the National Bureau of Economic Research met by conference call yesterday. The committee maintains a chronology of the U.S. business cycle that is widely used in the analysis of business. October 25, Memo from the Business Cycle Dating Committee July 27, Memo from the Business Cycle Dating Committee National Bureau of Economic Research, Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA ; ; email: [email protected] The National Bureau's Business Cycle Dating Committee maintains a chronology of U.S. business cycles. The chronology identifies the dates of peaks and troughs that frame economic recessions and expansions. A recession is the period between a peak of economic activity and its .

The index of industrial production peaked in September. The committee does not use a fixed formula to reach its conclusion about the date of a business cycle peak.

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It reaches a judgment based on a variety of monthly indicators. The expansion began in November and lasted for 92 months.

Only the expansion of the s was longer than the most recent expansion.

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The committee thus determined that the recession ended in March and that an expansion began at that time. The committee had waited to make the determination of the trough date until it was confident that any future downturn in the economy would be considered a new recession and not a continuation of the recession that began in July The committee noted that the broadest measure of economic activity - gross domestic product in constant dollars - had finally surpassed its previous peak by the third quarter of Only by December did the overall pattern of economic activity appear to be strong enough to warrant the determination of the trough date.

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The behavior of the economy in made the determination of the trough particularly challenging. Two important monthly indicators related to the production and sales of goods - industrial production and manufacturing-trade sales in constant dollars - had unambiguous troughs in early in March and January, respectively.

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Two other monthly indicators had declined to close to their minimum values by earlybut continued to decline slightly for the rest of Real personal income reached its trough in Novemberat 0. Employees on non-agricultural payrolls reached its trough in Januaryalso at 0.

National bureau of economic research business cycle dating committee

Real GDP reached its low point in the second quarter ofwhile the value of real GDI was essentially identical in the second and third quarters of The committee concluded that strong growth in both real GDP and real GDI in the fourth quarter of ruled out the possibility that the trough occurred later than the third quarter.

The committee designated June as the month of the trough based on several monthly indicators.

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The trough dates for these indicators are:. The committee concluded that the choice of June as the trough month for economic activity was consistent with the later trough months in the labor-market indicators-aggregate hours and employment-for two reasons.

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First, the strong growth of quarterly real GDP and real GDI in the fourth quarter was inconsistent with designating any month in the fourth quarter as the trough month. The committee believes that these quarterly measures of the real volume of output across the entire economy are the most reliable measures of economic activity. Second, in previous business cycles, aggregate hours and employment have frequently reached their troughs later than the NBER's trough date.

Prior to , there were no formal announcements of business cycle turning points. For further information please contact: Charles A. Radin Director of Public Information National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge MA The Business Cycle Dating Committee of the National Bureau of Economic Research met by conference call on Friday, November The committee maintains a chronology of the beginning and ending dates (months and quarters) of U.S. recessions. The committee determined that a peak in economic activity occurred in the U.S. economy in December identify the onset of a recession, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Business Cycle Dating Committee: uses a range of indicators including real GDP, employment and income. measure the "core" inflation rate. excludes food and energy prices because the prices of these items can be volatile.

In particular, inthe trough in payroll employment occurred 21 months after the NBER trough date. Inthe NBER trough date is 6 months before the trough in payroll employment.

The National Bureau of Economic Research determines that a recession is over: when the economy is in a trough. A criticism of the National Bureau of Economic Research's business cycle dating committee is that it. Business Cycle Dating Committee, National Bureau of Economic Research. This report is also available as a file. CAMBRIDGE September 20, - The Business Cycle Dating Committee of the National Bureau of Economic Research met yesterday by conference call. NBER Business Cycle Dating Committee Determines that Recession Began in July CAMBRIDGE, April 25 - The Business Cycle Dating Committee of the National Bureau of Economic Research reached the judgment today that the peak of U.S. economic activity occurred in July The current U.S. recession thus began in July , in the committee's.

In both the and cycles, household employment also reached its trough later than the NBER trough date. The committee noted the contrast between the June trough date for the majority of the monthly indicators and the October trough date for real personal income less transfers.

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There were two reasons for selecting the earlier date. The second was that real GDI is a more comprehensive measure of income than real personal income less transfers, as it includes additional sources of income such as undistributed corporate profits.

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The committee's use of income-side measures, notably real GDI, is based on the accounting principle that the value of output equals the sum of the incomes that arise from producing the output. Apart from a random statistical discrepancy, real GDI satisfies that equality while real personal income does not.

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The committee also maintains a quarterly chronology of business cycle peak and trough dates. The committee determined that the trough occurred in the second quarter ofwhen the average of quarterly real GDP and GDI reached its low point.



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